The ICSE Class 9 English Literature Workbooks are study materials for students. It is unlikely that students who study English Literature at random will succeed. It is therefore crucial for students to know the best preparation for Class 9 English before beginning the exam. The ICSE English Literature Workbook for Class 9 has been provided for the 2022 exam. 


ICSE Class 9 English Literature Workbook


The Merchant of Venice

i) What has Antonio just narrated that makes the speaker say that Antonio’s mind is tossing on the ocean?


Antonio has just narrated the state of his mind. He is sad without knowing the reason what makes him sad. He does know the nature of his mysterious sadness, nor does he know the source of its origin. This sadness had made him stupid. On hearing Antonio’s explanation, his friend, Salanio tries to diagnose the disease. He guesses that Antonio is sad because he is worried about merchant-ships gone into different directions on the sea.

ii) How would Salanio have behaved if he had ships at sea like those of Antonio’ what would have made him sad ?


Salanio would have also remained worried about his ships if he had any at the sea. If he were facing a similar situation of having a commercial enterprise in danger, the greater part of his feelings would also have been connected with his hopes of safety of his ships. Thinking of the risks at the sea, he would have become sad like Antonio.


Treasure Trove Poems

The Heart of the Tree

i) Why does the poet call the tree a friend of sun and sky?


In the poem, the poet says that the tree is a benefactor of the sun and the sky. Because it shares in their benefits and creates a cool breeze to combat the heat from the sun and glare from the sky.

ii) What motivates the man to plant a tree according to the poet?


A poet believes that when a man plants a sapling, he does so as a symbol of future life and growth.


The Cold Within

i) Explain the symbolism used by the poet.


Symbolism is used by the poet to illustrate that it was the coldness of their hearts that extinguished the fire of life. They could have been saved by fire, which symbolized hope and acceptance, but they refused to set aside their prejudices, thus sealing their own fate.

ii) What happened to the six humans? Why?


The six humans died due to the cold. Their hatred for each other prevented them from giving up their sticks to keep the fire going and so they all died due to the cold. But actually it was the cold in their hearts which killed them.


The Bangle Sellers

i) How are the bangles described in the first stanza of the poem?


The bangles are described in the first stanza as lustrous, shining, rainbow-colored, delicate and bright for happy daughters and happy wives.

ii) Explain the line’ lustrous tokens of radiant lives’.


Bangle sellers encourage people to buy their bangles by praising their quality. Bangles are said to be shining gifts that promise happy lives in the future to their wearers. He believes that these bangles symbolize happy lives and happy marriages.


After Blenheim

i) What does the tone of Kasper’s words suggest?


Kasper’s answer that he was not upset about the death of thousands of soldiers, rather the only thing that concerned him was that it was a great victory.

ii) Why does the poet use a skull?


The skull is the most unique part of the human body, so Southey uses it. This makes one realize that the skull was once part of a human body that was ruthlessly killed, and emphasizes the pointlessness of war.



i) What is the most important thing that the poet has learnt?


The most important lesson that the poet has learned so far is to keep children away from the television or not to install it at all.

ii) What should parents do for the entertainment of their children?


Parents should provide their children with story books instead of making them watch TV. Children who develop the habit of reading books will no longer feel the need to watch TV. By reading books they will be able to imagine and be entertained.



i) Who wandered like a lonely cloud and where ?


William Woodsworth wanders over the valleys and hills like a lonely cloud.

ii) Where were the daffodils and what were they doing ?


Daffodils were growing by the side of the lake under the trees. As if they were dancing, they flutter under the breeze expressing their pleasure and energy.


Treasure Trove Short Stories


Chief Seattle’s Speech

i) What happened when the tribal young man became angry?


In Seattle’s view, youth is impulsive, and young men of his race are no different. They were cruel and relentless when they grew angry at some real or imagined wrong and painted their faces black. This meant that their hearts were up to no good, and they painted their faces black.

ii) How does Seattle justify his religion as opposed to what the white men had said about it?


Seattle also responds by comparing his religion with Christianity to the charge of “godlessness” circulated by the conquerors. ‘Your God is not our God!’ he exclaims. It is your God who loves your people and mine who hates them! If we have a common Heavenly Father, He must be partial, because He came to His paleface children. He was never seen by us. His red children were not given a word in His laws.


The Old Man at the Bridge

i) Why did the old man leave his hometown? Why did he leave it reluctantly?


He left his hometown because the town was being evacuated during the war. He reluctantly left it because he had to take care of his animals.

ii) Explain the line, ‘There was nothing to do about him.’


As the soldier realizes that if the old man sat on the bridge he would surely die, he feels sadness and pity for him. To obey orders, he is loyal to the military system. There is nothing he can do for the old man and he knows he will die eventually.


A Horse and two Goats

i) Name the village in which Muni lived.


Muni lived in the village of Kritam. Of India’s 700,000 villages, it was “probably the smallest.”. There are thirty houses in the village, but only one is brick, the Big House.

ii)Describe the horse.


It was a big, life-size horse made from clay that had been baked, burnt, and then painted brightly. It was posed with his head held high, his legs prancing in the air, and his tail flourished in the air. The horse was followed by a warrior with a scythe-like moustache, eyes that protruded and an aquiline nose. His eyes and nose were portrayed to reflect his strength by the image makers.


Hearts and Hands

i) Describe the young woman in the coach.


A young woman was seated in one of the coaches, dressed in elegant taste and surrounded by the luxury comforts of an experienced traveller. She spoke with a firm, sweet, and deliberate voice, revealing that its owner was used to speaking.

ii) Why was Mr. Easton embarrassed when the young woman recognized him?


Mr. Easton was embarrassed to be handcuffed in front of her, feeling that she would not like seeing him in such a position.


A Face in the Dark

i) Who was Mr. Oliver? Where was he working?


Oliver was an Anglo-Indian teacher. He worked in an English medium school located near Simla as a bachelor.

ii)What was strange about the watchman? What happened to Mr. Oliver when the watchman raised the lantern to show his face?


When Mr. Oliver held the lantern up to the watchman’s face, he realized that both he and the boy had no faces. He lacked a face, ears, eyes, and nose. He had no features, not even an eyebrow. Seeing this strange and weird thing he fainted in fear.


An Angel in Disguise

i) What was a matter of concern now that the woman was dead?


When the woman died, the villagers were concerned about what would happen to her three children. It would be dangerous to leave them alone to fend for themselves.

ii) Who was the angel? Why does the author say she was disguised?


Maggie was the angel who came to their house. Its dreary chambers were filled with the warmth of love she brought disguised as a sick, helpless, and miserable child. Apparently, she was disguised because her true self of love and beauty was hidden from everyone’s eyes, and it was only after the Thompsons selflessly cared for and loved her that the angel brought them happiness in their lives.