The Merchant of Venice Act 4 in ICSE Literature for Class 10 Question Answers make understanding the play easier by providing the scene by scene responses. Answers to questions can be memorized more precisely. This will boost their confidence and make them prepare for the examination. As a result, their confidence will increase and they will be better prepared for the test. Here are Act 4 question answers.

 


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The Merchant of Venice Question Answers Act 4

 

What do the Duke and the world expect Shylock to do?

Answer:

Duke and the world expect Shylock to show pity at the last moment when the time to cut off a pound of flesh arrives.

Why, according to Shylock, people like one thing and not the other?

Answer:

People like things according to their nature that produces emotions. It is actually the nature of a man which makes him like or dislike something.

Whose arguments are more convincing here : Bassanio’s or Shylock’s?

Answer:

Bassanio and Shylock both make compelling arguments. Shylock portrays Antonio as a man who has caused him great damage financially and personally by asking for mercy from Bassanio. Bassanio’s arguments are certainly more persuasive because it is extreme cruelty and savagery on the part of a man to take the life of another, regardless of his grievances against that person.

What answer does the Duke give to Shylock’s question?

Answer:

Shylock wants to know whether the Duke is willing to enforce the law and let him cut off a pound of Antonio’s flesh. A learned doctor of laws by the name of Bellario is on his way to this region; he intends to restore the proceedings when he arrives. The Duke says he has sent the learned lawyer to decide Shylock’s claim against Antonio.

Why is Antonio willing to die?

Answer:

When Anthony became bankrupt and lost his flourishing business, he felt like an useless person. He compares himself to a sheep infected with a disease that is dangerous to the other sheep as well. An infected sheep should not be allowed to remain in a flock of sheep, as their continued presence can prove dangerous to the other sheep as well. It would be better if the infected sheep died than to infect the other sheep. Likewise, Antonio would prefer to die rather than continue to live and cause his friends like Bassanio endless anxiety.

What does Gratiano seem to agree with Pythagoras about?’

Answer:

According to Gratiano, Shylock’s spirit had been earlier embodied in a wolf that was hanged for killing humans. The spirit fled from the body of the wolf and entered Shylock’s mother’s womb. Shylock has insatiable wolfish desires because of this, Gratiano seems to agree with Pythagoras in this respect.

How can the flow of mercy be described?

Answer:

Mercy flows as naturally and spontaneously as rain drops falling from the sky on earth.

What is Portia’s opinion on the question of Venetian law?

Answer:

Portia rejects Bassanio’s suggestion. Venice has no power to change the law, says she. This will create a bad precedent and this example will be used in the future to justify wrongdoing. The state administration will be tainted by other errors if this is allowed.

How does Shylock respond to Portia’s interpretation of law?

Answer:

Portia’s argument delights Shylock, and Bassanio’s appeal to interfere with the law is rejected by him. His belief is that Portia is pleading in such a way that he must win the case. As a result, he praises her skill and sense of justice. Portia is compared to Daniel, a young Jewish prophet who exposed the falsity of some witnesses by cleverly cross-examining them.

What causes a turn in the course of events as depicted here?

Answer:

The turn in the events is caused by Portia’s sudden announcement that the Jew can have a pound of Antonio’s flesh but that the Jew must not shed a single drop of Antonio’s blood in the course of his cutting off the flesh.